What is Pilonidal Cyst?

A pilonidal cyst is a type of cyst that forms near the tailbone at the top of the buttocks crease. The cyst is typically filled with hair, skin debris, and other matter, and it can become infected and cause pain and discomfort. Pilonidal cysts are relatively common, affecting both men and women, and they typically occur in people between the ages of 15 and 40.

The exact cause of pilonidal cysts is not known, but it is believed to be related to a combination of factors, including genetics, the shape of the buttocks, and the presence of hair follicles in the area. The condition is also more common in people who sit for long periods of time, such as truck drivers and office workers.

The symptoms of a pilonidal cyst can vary, but they typically include pain, swelling, redness, and tenderness around the tailbone area. The cyst may also drain pus or other fluid, and it may cause fever or other signs of infection. In some cases, a pilonidal cyst may become chronic, and the infection may spread to other parts of the body.

Treatment for a pilonidal cyst typically involves draining the cyst and removing any hair or debris that may be causing the infection. This can be done in a doctor’s office under local anesthesia, or it may require surgery under general anesthesia. In some cases, antibiotics may also be prescribed to help clear the infection.

Prevention of pilonidal cysts involves keeping the area clean and dry, avoiding sitting for long periods of time, and using a cushion or pillow to reduce pressure on the tailbone. People who are prone to pilonidal cysts may also benefit from hair removal in the area to prevent the buildup of hair and debris.

Overall, while a pilonidal cyst can be painful and uncomfortable, it is typically treatable with medical intervention. Seeking prompt medical attention at the first signs of a pilonidal cyst can help to prevent the infection from spreading and leading to more serious complications.

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